Guidelines for Authors
Before you start!
Ethics in Publication
Authors are requested to read, understand and agree about the ethical matters of journal publications. More information can be read from http://publicationethics.org/.
Author Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
Authors have to add a section in article to declare funding sources (i.e., projects, university funds, ministry, research funds etc.) for the works of an article. Moreover, if there is any conflicts of interest about the research findings that might arise from interpretation of results should be declared by the authors in the article. Additionally, if author discover a significant error or inaccuracy in a published article, then it is responsibility of author to promptly notify the subject matter to editor and publisher and cooperate substantially to correct and or update an article.
Conflict of Interest (COI) exist when there is a divergence between an individual’s private interests (competing interests) and his or her responsibilities to scientific and publishing activities such that a reasonable observer might wonder if the individual’s behavior or judgment was motivated by considerations of his or her competing interests. In case of Journal BiNET, COI exists when a participant in the publication process (author, peer reviewer or editor) has a competing interest that could unduly influence (or be reasonably seen to do so) his or her responsibilities in the publication process. Among those responsibilities are academic honesty, unbiased conduct and reporting of research and integrity of decisions or judgments. Publication process includes the submission of manuscripts, peer review, editorial decisions and communication between authors, reviewers and editors. Many kinds of competing interests are possible such as financial ties, academic commitments (i.e., strong belief may bias a research and its results!), personal relationships, political and religious belief and institutional affiliations. Journals often have policies for managing financial COI, mostly based on the untested assumption that financial ties have an especially powerful influence over publication decisions and may not be apparent unless they are made explicit. However, other competing interests can be just as damaging and just as hidden to most participants, and so must also be managed (text adapted from http://www.wame.org/).
Authorship and Contribution
All authors should have adequate contribution to the works or research in terms of conception and design, data collection, analysis and interpretation, drafting, intellectual standards, final approval, critical revision and key findings of a submitted manuscript; and listed and describe roles properly with affiliations and attributions. Authors are responsible for contents of an article, journal authority and or editorial board is not responsible for contents of a published article. Authors pay fees for online article publication within open access model.
Human, Animal Rights and Clinical Trails
All authors should seek proper approval against every works or actions or clinical trials from concern/suitable/ethical/medical/govt./university/research station authority for conducting experiments/trials with animals and human subjects. This approval should be mentioned in the methodology section of an article and that consent was obtained for experimentation as and where necessary from relevant authority.
Submission Declaration and Cover Letter
Duplicate and multiple submissions are prohibited. If authors submit a manuscript whose basis is any of his previously published works, require to mention and cite it properly with the submitted manuscript. Submission of same article to more than one journal is unethical and unacceptable. Similarly, submission of similar type of works with identical text and parameters should be highly avoidable by authors. Manuscripts that have been published (and or under processing and review) in English or other language elsewhere cannot be submitted for publication except in the form of an abstract or as part of academic thesis or academic lectures. A Cover Letter should be included with each submission to declare originality, authorship, type of article, background information and corresponding author details.
Originality, Plagiarism and Academic Misconducts
Journal BiNET is committed to publish articles which are based on original materials. A manuscript or some part(s) of it neither submitted/published elsewhere nor is under review/processing for publication elsewhere, may considered as an invalid or incomplete manuscript. On the other hand, manuscripts which are found to be plagiarized from other sources will be rejected for processing and publication and may be subjected to rectify by CrossCheck or PlagScan. Similarity Index is created and communicated with authors during publication. Plagiarism and or copy-paste are strictly prohibited. Furthermore, any fabrication and falsification of article content is prohibited which extendedly considered for repeated content, image manipulation, data fabrication, faulty personal details, failure to abide by journal policy, unethical or erroneous papers etc. In case of those issues for a published article, once detected or reported, that article will be removed from systems with notifications to authors and or without any concern of authors where applicable.
Authorship and Affiliations changes
Authors have to deliver the list and order of authors during submission of manuscripts. Addition, rearrangement, deletion of authorship is permissible before the acceptance of a manuscript but it require approval from editor. Managing Editor decision on authorship and or required change is considered as final. For authorship change the corresponding author should provide reason of change, letter to editorial office or email from all authors that they agree with particular change(s) and or rearrangement, and provide any other relevant information. Affiliation changes might bear additional charge/fee for published articles.
Published articles are freely available to read and download for everyone. Journals operate through open access model which require author (or institution, research fund) pays the publication fee to made article available online and archived permanently.
Editorial and Review Policy
All submitted articles to different journals proceed through double blind peer review and pre-defined editorial processing by editorial office. Please be informed, read and agree with our latest editorial and review policy online from the website (journalbinet.com): Editorial Policy of Journal BiNET. Editorial policy changes time to time.
Copyright and Liability
Submission of the manuscript represents that the manuscript has not been published previously and is not considered for publication elsewhere which is included in terms and conditions, and editorial policy. Authors are responsible for the contents appearing in their published article. Author retains the copyright along with transfer of copyright to Journal BiNET for necessary developments; but any liability of their content and materials solely belongs to the author(s) of an article. After acceptance of an article, corresponding author is asked to complete and sign 'Copyright Transfer Agreement' on behave of all authors.
License of Published Article
All articles published are open access; will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read, share and download except otherwise stated. The following creative commons (CC-BY 4.0) license is used usually; but author could suggest/discuss with us for another type of Creative Commons license for an article if necessary.
Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY 4.0): Lets others distribute and copy the article, to indexing, create extracts, abstracts, and other revised versions, adaptations or derivative works of or from an article (such as a translation), to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), to text or data mine the article, even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit the author(s), do not represent the author as endorsing their adaptation of the article, and do not modify the article in such a way as to damage the author's and publisher honor or reputation.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is assigned for every article, it may be used to cite and link to published documents. The DOI consists of a unique alpha-numeric character string which is assigned to a document by the publisher upon the initial electronic publication. The assigned DOI never changes. Journal BiNET publisher DOI prefix is 10.18801.
Manuscript Processing and Publication Fee/Charge
After primary acceptance, the corresponding author will be requested to pay the open access Article Processing Charge (APC) or Publication Fee, except otherwise noted by a specific journal and or Editorial Office, for further processing and publication of an article with usually five author affiliations. Additional fees may be applicable for article authored by more than five authors. The payment notification will be sent to corresponding author email ID. Corresponding author can make the secure payment online and or offline as instructed by journal editorial office. Payment acknowledgement is provided to author within 3-5 business days. If any paid article is not published for unavoidable conditions, fees will be refunded to corresponding author excluding various processing fees.
A file should process preferably using Microsoft Office applications (word, power point, excel) and or in Open Office in English. The main file should be preferably saved as .doc/.docx format. Cambria, 11 font size should be used to prepare the manuscript throughout with [single] spacing except otherwise mentioned. Article should be typed on one side of A4 sized paper having margins of at least 25 mm around. The manuscript of full length research article must have segments and or sub-sections such as 'Abstract', 'Introduction', 'Materials and Methods', 'Results and Discussion', 'Summary or Conclusion', 'Acknowledgements (if any)', 'References', etc. Manuscript should be spell-checked and grammar-checked properly. A manuscript should be limited to 10-12 pages; but it could be of 13-17 pages where necessary.
Title, Affiliations and Corresponding Author
The first page of a manuscript should contain the (a) Title (16 font size with bold), full name of the (b) Author and Co-authors (14 font size) along with the (c) affiliation/postal address of institution (12 font size) where the work was carried out. (d) The email of corresponding author should be correct and up-to-date (10 font size). Also, provide corresponding author phone or mobile number in affiliation section. Email address of each author is required. Title should be concise and informative as titles are often used in information-retrieval systems and represent an article. A title should be understandable to non-specialist readers; it should not be more than three simplified and short lines.
Abstract and Keywords
A concise and factual Abstract (11 font size & in italic form) is required (maximum length 1250 words if necessary, but preferably limited to 750 words only). The abstract should state clearly purpose/background of the research, methodology, the principal results and major conclusion; it should convey the concept to non-specialist readers. Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, if essential must be defined within the abstract first. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. The authors should provide 5-7 firmly established keywords below the abstract, these words should not be from title.
Non-standard and uncommon abbreviations should be defined clearly in parenthesis (brackets, dashes or commas) when it used first time in an article text. Preferably avoid putting abbreviation definition in footer. Ensure consistency of abbreviation throughout the article.
State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, existing knowledge, avoiding a detailed literature/survey or a summary of the results. Only essential and related information should be presented systematically as if you are starting a story of science with adequate background and justification behind it. Objectives of any works should precise and understandable from the end part of introduction.
Materials and Methods
This section should be brief but contain adequate details so that the work could be easily understandable and reproduced. It should include the materials used and studied, period of study, instruments used, procedures, chemicals and their sources, and related experimental details. Established methods that are already published could be indicated by references.
Results and Discussion (or Results/Discussion Separately)
Results should be clear and concise based on aim of research. This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeating something. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate but not always. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
The main conclusion of the study may be presented in a short conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section and or the author could integrate it during discussion if suitable and justified. Manuscript should have preferably a relevant conclusion (limit of 350-500 words) and should reflect the findings, importance and future scope.
Place acknowledgements end of your article, including information on grants received, parties or personnel involved, before the references, in a separate section, and not as a footnote on the title page. List individuals who help you during you research work; be generous include people who helped you in laboratory, literature proofing, helped with data, English & grammar correction or any other assistance during your research. Please add acknowledgement before references section where applicable.
Glossary (if necessary)
Please supply, as a separate list, the definition of field specific terms used in an article.
Tables and Appendices
All tables in body text should be editable and not as images; there may be exceptions. Tables can be placed next to relevant page or in a separate page as necessary or even in separate page(s) at the end. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with lowercase letters of 10 font size. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables and or figures do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Table titles are Bold. Table numbered as Table 01. Table 02. and so on. Citation in text as (Table 01).
If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (1), Eq. (2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (1) and so on.
If your work is created in Microsoft Office applications (word, power point, excel) please supply 'as is' in the native document file format. If other application use for preparing images or graph or vector or lines or drawings; please 'save as' or convert the image in PDF or JPEG or TIFF where preferable resolution is 150-300 dpi. Color, gray scale or black-white picture is acceptable. Editorial office might ask for original/source/native files of figure as and where required.
PLEASE DO NOT- Supply files or images which are optimized for screen use only, which typically have low number of pixels and limited set of colors. Do not supply files or images which are too low in resolution; and any graphics should be proportionately large so that concept could be understandable and meaningful for readers. Do not integrate several picture into a single one, rather create several individual figures.
Authors should ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, where necessary attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself, unless vey necessary) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used. Figure titles are Bold. Figure numbered as Figure 01. Figure 02. and so on. Citation in text as (Figure 01).
Types of Article
Journal BiNET publishes original research (require definitive sections), review paper (do not require definitive sections but should be discussed by proper headings), case study, technical and method notes, survey reports, concept notes, short communications (interesting results) and perspectives.
Mark all cited references in article body text sections with different color. Hyperlink references with reference section.
Please ensure references that are cited in the text, are also present in the reference section (and vice versa). Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be included in the text if necessary. References should follow the standard reference style of Journal BiNET which is an adapted 'APA Style Reference'. References should be arranged alphabetically, numbered and further sorted chronologically as and when necessary. Max. 50 references are allowed; quality is more important than the quantity. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication.
Journal article, one author
Ku, G. (2008). Learning to de-escalate: The effects of regret in escalation of commitment. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 105(2), 221-232.
Journal article, two authors
Sanchez, D. and King-Toler, E. (2007). Addressing disparities consultation and outreach strategies for university settings. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 59(4), 286-295.
DOI: 10.1037/1065- 9218.104.22.1686
Journal article, more than two authors
Van Vugt, M., Hogan, R. and Kaiser, R. B. (2008). Leadership, followership and evolution: Some lessons from the past. American Psychologist, 63(3), 182-196. DOI:10.1037/0003-066X.63.3.182
Frank, R. H. and Bernanke, B. (2007). Principles of macro-economics (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill/Irwin. p. 79
Gibbs, J. T. and Huang, L. N. (Eds.). (2001). Children of color: Psychological interventions with culturally diverse youth. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Young, R. F. (2007). Crossing boundaries in urban ecology: Pathways to sustainable cities (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Thesis database. (UMI No. 327681).
Essays or chapters in edited books
Hammond, K. R. and Adelman, L. (1986). Science, values and human judgment. In: H. R. Arkes & K. R. Hammond (Eds.), Judgment and decision making: An interdisciplinary reader, pp. 127-143. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
Technical and or research reports
Deming, D. and Dynarski, S. (2008). The lengthening of childhood (NBER Working Paper 14124). Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. Retrieved July 21, 2008 from http://www.nber.org/papers/w14124.
Reference from proceedings and workshop
Saheed, S. M. (1992). Soil Survey: perspective and strategies for the 21st century. In: J. A. Zinck, Editor, An International Workshop for Heads of National Soil Survey Organizations, ITC publication, No. 21, pp. 55-60, The Netherlands.
Ø Citations in text: (Siddique, 2015) , (Siddique and Karim, 2014) , (Siddique et al. 2015) , Siddique (2015) , Siddique et al. (2015) , (Siddique, 2015 and Bryan, 2016) , (Siddique, 2015; Bryan and Carol, 2016; Marc, 2014)
Ø et al. is non-italic or italic but it should be consistent throughout the article
Ø Scientific names and family names are in Italic
Ø Remark! Any other referencing format is permissible where necessary but that should be consistent throughout the article
Ø How many references an article should have? There is no definite answer; it depends on the type of work done in the past and availability of literature. Still, we prefer quality over quantity and citation after the year 2000. Thus, in a qualitative paper 20-30 references would be required; in other cases or quantitative paper 40-50 references should be sufficient.
Submission Checklist for Authors
Authors should ensure the following items are present in your submitted manuscript; review and publication will be delayed unless you provide following information below: